Siberian Husky

From ArticleWorld


As the name implies, the Siberian Husky originally comes from Siberia where it was bred by the Chukchi tribes. This is a medium size dog with many similarities to the wolf in its appearance. It was primarily bred for pulling sledges, herding and protection of the village.

History

Recent genetic analysis has shown that this breed is one of the oldest breeds in existence. Known to have been bred by the Chukchi tribes of eastern Siberia, recent evidence also shows that they were also being bred by the Koryak and Kamchadal tribes who inhabited the regions along the Bering Sea in the far eastern reaches of Siberia. Starting in 1908 these dogs were imported to Alaska from the Anadyr River region of Siberia. They quickly became popular for their endurance, size and speed and continued to be imported over the next 20 years for use as sled dogs during the gold rush.

The breed gained fame in 1915 when Leonhard Seppala began training them and the breed began to dominate the All Alaska Sweepstakes, a 408 mile (657 km) race. In 1925 the Siberian Huskies were used to make the serum run to Nome when a diphtheria epidemic struck the town of Nenana. The Iditarod trail race follows the same course that was used to deliver the medication.

Characteristics

Siberian Huskies have a thick two layer coat that can vary widely in colors. Most common is the black and white coloring, however some are grey and white, copper and white as well as pure white, with many variations in between. Eye colors for the Siberian Husky consist of Hazel, Brown and Blue. Many Siberian Huskies will have one blue eye and one of a different color.

Siberian Huskies are very popular as show dogs and family pets. They are a very affectionate, curious and gentle animal that generally is not threatening to strangers, this makes them ill suited as guard dogs. Siberian Huskies have a strong instinct to hunt and will often track and kill small animals, including cats. They should always be kept in a secure enclosure, as they will, if allowed, go on long hunting trips. This is an independent breed by nature and training requires some patience.