Public art

From ArticleWorld

Public art is a term that is used to define permanent or temporary works of art that are visible to the general public, regardless of whether they are part of a building or are free-standing. Public art is artwork in the public domain and it may be situated on private or public property and obtained through either public or private funding. It is by and large made of material that is easily looked after and that which is able to withstand weathering. Thus, materials such as stone, concrete and metals like bronze, aluminum and steel find favor with public art artists.

What constitutes public art

Public art does not necessarily qualify as an art form. It may be huge in size or small; it may loom hundreds of feet above the ground, or be part of the paving that people walk on. It can take the form of temporary installations of artworks that are part of a special event, or create a changing city landscape.

Examples of public art include sculptures, lighting effects, street furniture, paving, railings, tree guards in a streetscape, and signs. They may also take the form of murals, paving patterns, building fa├žades, kiosks, fountains, engravings, carvings, frescos, collage earthwork or tapestry. Public art seeks to express values, enhance environments, and beautify landscapes. Since it is placed in sight of public, it also serves as a reflection of societal ethics.

Modern public art

Nowadays, big companies and institutions commission artists to integrate art with architecture and landscaping in new constructions or renovations of old structures. Many times, in recent years, artists have been commissioned to create public art in places where they would be noticed and appreciated and would also provoke thoughts. Thus, metro stations, opera houses and even parks have some form of art installed.

Some famous public artists

  1. Michelangelo: He was the original public artist who has given us such famous works as David and Night and Day and the frescoes.
  2. Pablo Picasso;
  3. Joan Miro;
  4. Claes Oldenburg; and,
  5. Pierre Granche.