Hong Kong

From ArticleWorld


Hong Kong is an administrative region of the People’s Republic of China that is located on the Southern coast of China.

History

Hong Kong is a region that has been inhabited ever since the Neolithic Age. In 1513 the first European set foot on the Chinese coast region and started trading with the locals. He was Portuguese Jorge Alvares and has made several commercial trips in the area. In 1843 a turning point in the region’s history was caused by Great Britain. Hong Kong became a crown colony. It continued to trade with Portugal and merchandise like silk, luxury good and especially tea in Britain became very popular and the demand for it was high. Because of this the first Opium War took place in 1841. Great Britain attacked China, whom has been until then the main force in the tea industry.

During World War II Hong Kong went through the worse period of its history because of the Japanese occupation it suffered. By the end of the 1970s the region established its first banking facilities and its financial status quickly evolved because of the previous years that saw a flourishing textile industry. On the 1st of July 1997 Hong Kong became the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, as a result of a signed treaty between UK and PRC. The move was not beneficial for the region’s economical strength as land value quickly dropped because of the Asian Financial Crisis. To top it off the SARS virus hit the region in 2003 damaging it even more.

Geography

Hong Kong is formed of the Kowloon Peninsula, Hong Kong Island and the New Territories. As a sum the region covers 236 islands in the South China Sea. The largest one is Lantau and the Hong Kong Island is the second largest but housing the most people in the area. Another special island is Ap Lei Chau, which is the most densely occupied island in the world.

Hong Kong presents a hilly and mountainous region with the highest point being located in Tai Mo Shan (958 meters). It covers 1,102 square kilometers, out of which only around 25% is occupied. The rest provides numerous green fields and natural reserves. The population numbers around 7 million people.

Hong Kong presents a subtropical climate and is prone to monsoons. With winter lasting from January to March and being mostly dry and cool and with similar conditions the rest of the year (mainly just hotter and rainy) the region presents strong and difficult to live in weather. The lowest temperature ever recorded in Hong Kong was 0 degrees Celsius and the highest one was 40 degrees Celsius.