Francis Fukuyama

From ArticleWorld

Francis Fukuyama is a leading American economist, holding degrees from Cornell and Harvard. He currently works in the John Hopkins University of School of Advanced International Studies as a professor of international political economy and director of the school’s International Development Program.


In 1992, Fukuyama came out with the controversial book The End of History and the Last Man, in which he argued that the fall of the Berlin Wall and the end of the Cold War proved that the world would settle on liberal democracy both politically and economically.

Fukuyama is also authored Our Posthuman Future: Consequences of the Biotechnology Revolution, where he argued that humans would eventually be in charge of their own evolution. This power, he wrote, would ultimately result in the demise of liberal democracy as a functional form of government.

In addition, Fukuyama wrote Trust: The Social Virtues and the Creation of Prosperity, The Great Disruption: Human Nature and the Reconstitution of Social Order, and State-Building: Governance and World Order in the 21st Century and many articles in newspapers such as the New York Times and his own quarterly magazine The American Interest.


Politically, Fukuyama has held strong opinions. Some consider him a neoconservative, but his stances are complex and varied.

Fukuyama once recommended that President Bill Clinton bring down President Saddam Hussein of Iraq. Later, though, when U.S. troops invaded Iraq in 2003 under President George W. Bush, Fukuyama opposed and demanded the resignation of Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld.

Fukuyama also served on The President’s Council on Bioethics from 2001 to 2005.