Eau de Cologne

From ArticleWorld

Eau de cologne, or 'water of cologne', was introduced in 1709 in Cologne, a place in Germany. With 2.5% concentration of essential oils, it is one of the light perfumes liked by many all over the world.



History reveals that ‘Paul Feminis’, an Italian living in cologne, Germany, has formulated the perfume for the first time sometime around 1700 AD. Famous to the world as cologne or 'Kölnisch Wasser' has got its origin in Cologne, a place, in Germany. This sweet smelled cologne was brought to the public by Giovanni Maria Farina (1685-1766), a perfumer merchant, from ‘Santa Maria Maggiore Valle Vigezzo’, a town in Italy in the year 1709. The formula was based on bergamot (Citrus aurantium) and other citrus oils. This admixture is said to have anti-bubonic plague, a deadly infectious disease caused in Africa by enterobacteria Yersinia pestis


‘Eau de cologne’ became a famous household name in Italy. A highly diluted scent was proposed to have a same fresh smell of an Italian morning during spring season, after it rains. This scent, so peculiar, is composed of a blend of many citrus oils that may include tangerine, lemon, bergamot, orange, neroli, grapefruit and lime. It gets special attraction, if blended with the oils of thyme, jasmine, lavender, rosemary and petit grain (orange leaf). In other words this cologne is based on citrus oils.


After a long gap, Farina Gegenüber released Maria Farinas secret formula of eude- cologne, in 1709, at the city Cologne. Its introduction later brought a characteristic brand among all kinds of perfumes. He opened his own perfumery shop in Obenmarspforten that holds a world record of being the first perfumery shop in the world. After about 100 years, improvised cologne named ‘Cologne 4711’ was launched. Maria Farinas great grand-nephew, Jean Marie Joseph Farina, owned a perfumery business in Paris. This shop called later as ‘alled Roger & Gallet’, holds the right to the original, eau de cologne even today. Now a days, ‘eau de cologne’ is a generic name, for its original blend is very difficult to get.

Brand ambassador

Napoleon Bonaparte, a French ruler, loved the original Eau de Cologne. He has been using the original ‘Farina Eau De Cologne’, made in the city Cologne.