Child abduction

From ArticleWorld


Child abduction is a common phenomenon that occurs in every part of the world. Child abduction is kidnapping of a young child (or baby) by an older person. A stranger removes a child (usually a baby) to bring up as their own child. One Parent removes a child, usually after divorce during an access visit. A couple from central Victoria has been remanded into custody after being charged with abducting a three-week-old baby. While cases have been reported from antiquity, recently this phenomenon has taken on new meaning with various movies and television series (example: Without a Trace) depicting the premise of people who remove children from strangers to bring up as their own often after the death of their own child.Women who kidnap babies to bring up as their own are typically unable to have children of their own. Parental child abduction, in simple terms, is the permanent removal of a child from their place of habitual residence (the place where their life is established) by one parent, without the permission of the other parent. A common parental child abduction scenario involves a divorced parent who lost child custody battle an example of child abduction is the case of Montana Barbaro, stolen in Melbourne, Australia on Saturday 7 August 2004.There are reports that these children are used or sold as slaves is common in parts of Africa.The Lord's Resistance Army, a rebel paramilitary group operating mainly in northern Uganda, is notorious for its abductions of children for use as child soldiers or sex slaves. According to the Sudan Tribune, as of 2005, more than 20,000 children have been kidnapped by the LRA. Depending on the laws of the country the child has been taken from, this may or may not constitute a criminal offence. From the UK, to remove a child for a period of 28 days or more without the permission of the other parent (or person with parental responsibility), is a criminal offence.The Hague Convention on Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction- Special Notes on Israel and the United StatesThe unlawful abduction of a child by one of his parents to a foreign country causes the parent left behind great distress and is an unfortunately prevalent problem which the Hague Convention was designed to address.Serious problemscan arise when parental abduction results in moving a child withparent,acrossaninternational border. The laws of the states are different, and a foreign child custody order may not be

Sources:

Media report on Montana Barbaro case

Take Root: Helping missing children recover

United States State Department information pertaining to Parental Child Abduction

• Child Abduction Articles Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Child_abduction"