Pablo Ruiz Picasso used oils, watercolors, pastels, pencil, charcoal, and ink to produce his artworks, which included both his cubistic work and beautiful realist portraits.
'Pablo Ruiz Picasso' was born October 25, 1881 in Málaga, Spain. His parents were José Ruiz y Blasco and María Picasso y López. Picasso was the first child. Picasso's father, José Ruiz y Blasco, was also a painter, and a professor at the School of Fine Arts and Crafts. He also ran a local museum. Picasso learned the basics art training from his father, especially drawing and oil painting. Picasso attended art schools, but never finished his college art studies.
Blue Period to Synthetic Cubism
Picasso's artwork work sometimes sorted into "periods". Some of these artistic periods are commonly known as:
- Blue Period (1901–1904) Picasso painted somber, blue-tinted paintings. This period was influenced by the death of a friend and a trip to Spain. Subjects were of circus performers, prostitutes, artists and beggars.
- Rose Period (1905–1907), characterized by a more cheerful style with orange and pink colors, and again featuring many harlequins. Many of these paintings are influenced by his relationship with Fernande Olivier, and influenced by French painting.
- African-influenced Period (1908–1909) was influenced his painting Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, where he used African artifacts found in the painting as the inspiration for paintings.
- Analytic Cubism (1909–1912) was developed along with Georges Braque, which analysed the shape of objects and used neutral colors.
- Synthetic Cubism (1912–1919), involving using collage and cut paper for the first time in high art.
Picasso's relationships are important, because they were frequently his artistic inspiration. Fernande Olivier was one of these relationships, and she who appears frequently in the Rose period paintings. Picasso's next relationship was with Marcelle Humbert, whom Picasso nicknamed Eva. Eva appeared in many of Picasso's Cubist works, as tokens of his love. Picasso married Olga Khoklova in 1918, when Picasso and Khoklova worked together, on the ballet Parade in Rome. For financial reasons, the two remained legally married until Khoklova's death in 1955. They had one son, Paulo.
His next relationship was with Marie-Thérèse Walter. She appeared in the Picasso painting Nu couché aux fleuras. Picasso fathered a daughter, Maia, with her. The photographer and painter Dora Maar were also a constant companion and lover of Picasso. Then Picasso began to keep company with a young art student, Françoise Gilot. The two eventually became lovers, and had two children together, Claude and Paloma. She eventually left Picasso. This prompted Picasso to create a few ink drawings depicting him as an old dwarf compared to his new lover, the beautiful Geneviève Laport. Jacqueline Roque worked at the Madoura Pottery, where Picasso made and painted ceramics. They married in 1961.
Picasso in film
In addition to his manifold artistic accomplishments, Picasso had a film career, including a cameo appearance in Jean Cocteau's Testament of Orpheus. Picasso always played himself in his film appearances.